Born in Finland in 1914, Ilmari Tapiovaara is a Finnish designer noted for his significant contribution to the development of the modern aesthetic, furnishings and textiles. Ilmari Tapiovaara studied industrial and interior design at the Institute of Industrial Arts in Helsinki. Tapiovaara's designs reflect his conviction that an object’s function and structural conception should be readily visible. Tapiovaara designed field furniture to the Finnish Army and was a pioneer in the design of low cost furniture for Finland’s expanding postwar exports. His work became particularly well known for functional furniture such as the stackable chairs, bentwood Domus and Lukki I, that he initially designed for institutional use at the Domus Academy.